Treatment for oral cancer is either in local form or systemic wherein the local treatment removes, eliminates or controls cancer cells in one area. The systemic treatment eliminates/controls cancer cells that may have spread to other parts of your body.
Surgery and radiation comprise the local treatments typically used in oral cancer. Depending upon the cancer staging, your doctor might recommend a single treatment approach or combination treatments.
Surgery: Surgery, a common treatment procedure is recommended for early-stage oral cancer. Early diagnosis helps in tumour removal with clear margins necessitating no further treatments.
Radiation therapy: Radiation treatment involves using targeted high-energy beams in the form of Photons/ Electrons/Protons to eradicate the cancer cells. The patient has to undergo radiation therapy for 5 days continuously for a duration of 5 to 7 weeks which represents one cycle, depending on the tumour location, type and stage of cancer. Radiation therapy shares similarities with surgery in effectively controlling the tumour/cancer cells.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a form of systemic treatment used to eradicate/control tumour cells that have spread to other body parts. Systemic chemotherapy uses drugs or medicines, which are taken orally or injected intravenously to kill the cancer cells.
Targeted therapy: In this treatment, specific drugs that bind to cancer cell proteins are given to inhibit their growth.
Combined modality treatment: Treatment in the advanced stages of cancer comprises a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery combined or given in succession.
Nutritional Care: Treatment regimens make it difficult for a patient to swallow/drink food and water; since nutrition plays an important role in the treatment plan our nutritionist will prepare meal plans for the patient depending on his health condition and therapies.