The treatment approaches depend on the type, stage and malignant nature of cancer and the individual’s health condition as well. Based on these factors, our specialists recommend the best treatment approaches:
Regular Monitoring: If the PSA levels are only slightly elevated, no treatment is recommended, however, these levels will be monitored at regular intervals to avoid complications.
Surgery: Our specialists may suggest a prostatectomy, the removal of the prostate gland and can be performed as an open surgery or laparoscopic surgery.
Radiation therapy: In radiation therapy, two types of treatment are provided based on the symptoms and requirements:
Plastic reconstruction: A multitude of options are available to reconstruct the breast to enhance cosmesis, which includes rotation of tissue, using muscle and skin from nearby areas known as pedicle flap, or can be done as free flap also.
Chemotherapy - Drugs to treat cancer cells are injected into the body, these drugs have tolerable side effects, and the side effects have been minimized with new forms of chemotherapy drugs with the evolving changes in medical and treatment approaches. Chemotherapy is crucial to contain the cancer cells circulating in the blood.
Radiation therapy: Intense energy usually X-rays or proton radiation is aimed directly at the operated area to kill cancer cells to minimize recurrence.
- Brachytherapy: Our specialists place a radioactive seed or capsule into the prostate gland to deliver targeted radiation.
- Conformal radiation therapy: This therapy targets a small area in the gland, thus minimizing the risk of eliminating healthy cells.
Chemotherapy: Employing oral or injectible drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Targeted therapy: Patients having genetic mutations like BRCA 1 and/or BRCA 2, are offered targeted treatment in advanced stages to get the maximum outcome with the least side effects.
Hormonal therapy: Male hormones such as androgens, which include testosterone and dihydrotestosterone are blocked or reduced by this therapy. Since these hormones provide a suitable environment for the cancer cells to grow and metastasize.
Depending on the individual’s health condition, a few complications can occur and the commonly visible complications of the treatments are:
- Erectile Dysfunction